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Dublin, 5-6 May 2004


1. The Dublin Mid-Term meeting of Euro-Mediterranean Foreign Ministers took place as a
reaffirmation of the Partners’ continuing commitment to the Barcelona process. It
confirmed the importance of partnership and co-ownership as essential elements of the

2. The meeting took place against the background of a number of initiatives concerning the
countries of the Mediterranean region and beyond. The Union has proposed to include
Mediterranean partners in the Neighbourhood policy. In addition, on the basis of
mandates from the December 2003 European Council, an Interim Report on “An EU
Strategic Partnership with the Mediterranean and the Middle East” was welcomed by the
European Council in March 2004. On the basis of this Interim Report, work is now in
progress to develop for the European Council in June an agreed view on relations with
the area which extends from Mauritania to Iran - the Mediterranean and the Middle East.

3. Ministers unreservedly condemned terrorist attacks including those at Casablanca,
Istanbul and Riyadh, as well as the appalling terrorist attack in Madrid on 11 March, and
expressed solidarity with the victims. These events reinforced the relevance of the Euro-
Mediterranean Partnership as the framework for solidarity and co-operation between the
EU and its Mediterranean partners in tackling common security threats. It should
stimulate the partners to reinforce all their joint activities, in particular in the fight against
terrorism in all its forms, co-operation on justice and home affairs, and the inter-cultural

4. Ministers therefore confirmed their attachment and commitment to the Barcelona Process as the main framework for a coherent set of privileged relations within the Euro-
Mediterranean neighbourhood. They acknowledged the solid and substantial range of cooperation activities which has been established in a spirit of partnership on issues ranging
from political and security questions, including human rights, political reform and good
governance, through trade liberalisation, economic reform and infrastructure networks to
culture, education and the movement of people. They therefore firmly committed
themselves to implementing the Naples agenda in order to reinvigorate the Barcelona
Process while seeking ways of improving the sense of co-ownership of the process.

5. The meeting also recognised the potential of the European Neighbourhood Policy to build on the Barcelona Process and to further it on the basis of jointly agreed Action Plans, as well as the opportunities and benefits offered to the Mediterranean partner countries
through this policy. Within a differentiated approach, the EU can offer a more intensive
political dialogue and greater access to EU programmes and policies, including their
gradual participation in the four freedoms particularly the Single Market, as well as reinforced co-operation on justice and home affairs. Such close and co-operative relations
will depend on a better mutual understanding of security concerns and the strengthening
of commitments to common values and common principles, such as promoting human
rights, combating terrorism, and non-proliferation of weapons of mass destruction. The
level of EU support to the implementation of reforms should be related on a mutually
agreed basis in a spirit of co-ownership, to the intensity of the efforts of the partners
assessed under the framework of agreed evaluation instruments. Articulation of MEDA
and EIB credits should be further reinforced, as well as co-ordination within the EU and
with other donors.

6. Against this background, Ministers took stock of progress in implementing the Valencia
Action Plan and the conclusions of the Ministerial meeting in Naples. In the perspective
of the Euro-Mediterranean Foreign Ministers meetings to be held under the Dutch and
Luxemburg Presidencies as well as the 10th anniversary next year of the launching of the
Barcelona Process. Ministers requested the Euro-Mediterranean Committee to draw up
firm proposals and guidelines for moving forward. They acknowledged that progress on
the implementation of the Valencia Action Plan had been insufficient and needed to be
speeded up. There should be more focus on deliverable achievements rather than on
process. Final decisions were taken on the Euro-Mediterranean Foundation for the
Dialogue of Cultures which will ensure its establishment in line with the agreed

7. At Naples, Foreign Ministers mandated senior officials to examine the Euro-
Mediterranean Partnership’s working methods. The Presidency has carried this work
forward and, following an extensive consultation process with Partners, published its
Working Paper on the Improvement of the Working Methods of the Partnership. This has
met with the approval of the Senior Officials of the 35 partner countries. Ministers
welcomed agreement on improving the working methods of the partnership, which
includes the setting up of ad-hoc groups to prepare discussion, proposals to increase the
sense of co-ownership by giving a greater role to the Mediterranean partners, and certain
technical improvements. In addition, arising from this paper, two ad-hoc thematic groups
have been set up and had their initial meetings on 5th and 7th April respectively, with a
view to preparing work-plans on Partnership-Building Measures and the European
Neighbourhood Policy. These draft work-plans were welcomed by the Ministerial

8. Good progress has been made within the association process which lies at the core of the Euro-Mediterranean Partnership. Association Agreements are now in force with
Morocco, Tunisia, Israel and Jordan and on an interim basis with the Palestinian
Authority. There are interim agreements in place with Egypt and Lebanon as well. The
ratification of the agreement concluded with Egypt is now finalised and the first meeting
of the EU-Egypt Association Council is scheduled for June 2004. The ratification
processes of the agreements with Lebanon and Algeria are also well underway. All
partners were again encouraged to expedite the ratification process of those Association
Agreements not yet in force. The EU is also encouraged by the progress made towards
concluding an Association Agreement with Syria, and is hopeful that the few outstanding
points will be resolved soon, allowing Syria to join the group of Euro-Mediterranean
countries which have signed Association or Interim Agreements with the Union, thus
completing the network of Euro-Mediterranean Association Agreements. These are
important developments for the fulfilment of the objectives of the Barcelona Declaration
and for the reinforcement of South-South cooperation.

9. Ministers drew attention to the priority they attach to the promotion of gender equality
and the promotion of the role of women in society, in the framework of pursuing the
objectives of the Euro-Mediterranean Partnership. Ministers acknowledged the important
contribution of women in all sectors, including: education, the public service, the
administration of justice, business, agriculture and rural development. They adopted the
promotion of the role of women in society, north and south of the Mediterranean, as one
of the major ambitions in the Euro-Mediterranean Partnership.


10. The setting up of the Euro-Mediterranean Parliamentary Assembly in Athens on 22-23
March was welcomed as a means to improve co-operation on democratisation and to
provide an input into all areas of the Partnership. The President of the Assembly
addressed the meeting of Foreign Ministers. It was agreed that the views of the Assembly
on the major issues of the partnership would be welcome. Ministers agreed that the
appropriate articulation between the institutions should be established without setting up
an over-burdensome formal consultation procedure.


11. The EU presented an overview of its internal discussions on its proposed Strategic
Partnership for the Mediterranean and the Middle East and encouraged partners to make
comments and suggestions on the Strategic Partnership and follow up actions relating to
it. The EU stressed that the most recent European Council underlined the importance of
intensive consultation with the countries involved. Ministers welcomed the opportunity
provided by the Dublin Mid-Term Ministerial meeting to discuss with Partners the
proposed EU Strategic Partnership with regard to its Mediterranean dimension and also to
underline its commitment to the Barcelona Process and its wish to develop this further
including through the European Neighbourhood Policy.

12. In this respect the European Union and Mediterranean partners discussed issues relating to reform and democratisation in the region. Existing instruments such as the Association Agreements and the national action plans under the European Neighbourhood Policy should be fully used to support reforms and modernisation.

13. The EU indicated that it will continue to pursue its specific EU Strategic Partnership with the Mediterranean and the Middle East, based on the existing frameworks and in
particular the Barcelona Process as far as the Mediterranean is concerned, and aiming for
the appropriate articulation between the different frameworks. The EU also stated its
readiness to cooperate with other actors, with a view to achieving complementarity with
other initiatives, notably with the US and in the framework of the G8 and NATO
Summits in June. The EU expressed its willingness to cooperate closely with initiatives
coming from the region, including taking account of the outcome of the Arab League

14. Ministers agreed that the clear commitment to pursuing the Middle East Peace Process
through the implementation of the Road Map was central to the success of such a policy.
Progress on the resolution of the Middle East conflict cannot be a pre-condition for confronting the urgent reform challenges facing the countries of the region, nor vice
versa. But it is clear that it will not be possible to build a common zone of peace,
prosperity and progress unless a just and lasting settlement of the conflict is in place.


15. Ministers reviewed developments since their last meeting in Naples and view with great
concern the situation in the Middle East. The Presidency informed partners about the
meeting of the International Quartet in New York on 4 May. They noted with
appreciation the statement issued by the Quartet after the meeting and welcomed the
programme of action outlined therein. The Quartet should play an active role in pursuing
the goal of a comprehensive regional peace and encourage the parties to move ahead
vigorously on the basis of the principles outlined in their New York statement.

16. Ministers reaffirmed their commitment to a negotiated two-State solution agreed between the parties which would result in a viable, contiguous, sovereign and independent
Palestinian State existing side by side in peace with an Israel living within recognised and
secure borders. They reaffirmed their belief that the Roadmap represents the only route to
achieving such an outcome. They called on both sides to fulfil their obligations under the
Roadmap. They stated that any change to the pre-1967 borders can only be arrived at by
agreement between the parties. Ministers noted that the refugee question and the manner
in which the right of return may be realised is also a Final Status issue and that the
Roadmap states that a final and comprehensive permanent status agreement that ends the
Israeli-Palestinian conflict must include an agreed, just, fair and realistic solution to this
question. Ministers emphasised the principle that Final Status issues are a matter for
negotiation and agreement between the parties themselves and must not be prejudged.
Issues such as borders and refugees must be mutually agreed to by Israelis and
Palestinians based on Security Council resolutions 242, 338, 1397, 1515, the terms of
reference of the Madrid peace process, the principle of land for peace, previous
agreements and the Arab Peace Initiative adopted by the Beirut Arab League Summit;
and be consistent with the Roadmap.

17. Ministers took note of the announced intention of Israeli Prime Minister Sharon to
withdraw from all Gaza settlements and parts of the West Bank. They agreed that such a
withdrawal must bring about a full Israeli withdrawal and complete end of occupation in
Gaza, and can be a step towards achieving the two-state vision; it could represent a
significant step towards the implementation of the Roadmap provided that it is carried out
in accordance with certain conditions, as set out in the conclusions of the March 2004
European Council. They consider that such a step should provide a rare moment of
opportunity in the search for peace in the Middle East. Such an initiative should be
properly orchestrated with the international community so as to ensure that an orderly
situation in Gaza results which will permit the maintenance of security as well as
rehabilitation and reconstruction. Ministers urged all parties to undertake urgently
preparations towards this end. Ministers stressed the need to avoid a political vacuum,
and the dangers which that would involve, in the interim period between now and the
beginning of any withdrawal. They recalled that there are a number of measures which
need to be adopted in the period immediately ahead in the political, security and
humanitarian spheres in order to prevent further deterioration and to resume progress.
Ministers urged an end to violence and terrorism as well as the resumption of a ceasefire
embracing all parties and groups. They called on both sides to resume negotiations on the
peace process without further delay.

18. Ministers stressed the importance of the Arab Peace Initiative adopted by the Beirut Arab League Summit of 28 March 2002 to achieve a comprehensive peace in the Middle East which must include Syria and Lebanon.

19. Ministers recalled that a just, lasting and comprehensive peace must meet the legitimate
aspirations of both the Israeli and Palestinian people. Ministers called on all States in the
region to exert every effort to promote peace. They also urged all states to act to combat


20. The Euro-Mediterranean partners stated their determination to assist the Iraqi people as they enter a new era in the history of their country.

21. Calling on all parties in Iraq to work together to establish a sovereign, independent,
democratic and peaceful Iraq whose territorial integrity is preserved and which lives in
peace with its neighbours, the Euro-Mediterranean partners committed themselves to
continue to help the Iraqi people rebuild their country and regain its proper place in the
regional as well as the international family.

22. They welcomed the consensus reached by the various parties in Iraq in signing the new
Transitional Administrative Law on 8 March and expressed the hope that this encouraging development would permit the transition process to move ahead expeditiously.

23. They noted that the security situation in Iraq remained a major impediment to successful
political and reconstruction processes.

24. They condemned all violence and terrorist attacks, including the kidnappings and brutal
murder of hostages. They deplored the taking of hostages in all circumstances and called
on those responsible to release immediately and unharmed all remaining hostages and to
desist from any further such activity.

25. The partners condemned any incidents of abuse of prisoners in Iraq by occupying forces which have taken place as contrary to international humanitarian law. They noted the
prompt response by the UK and US authorities in instigating investigations into reports of
such abuse and their commitment to rectify any failure to adhere to international humanitarian law.

26. Convinced that a strong UN role in this political transition process is an essential element for its success, the Euro-Mediterranean partners welcomed the decision of the Iraqi Governing Council to invite the UN to help with the transfer of sovereignty at the end of June 2004 and future national elections and the acceptance of this invitation by the
United Nations Secretary General, Kofi Annan. They looked forward to the UN playing a
vital and growing role endorsed by the UN Security Council in the run-up to transition
and beyond and expressed their support to UN Special Advisor Mr Lakhdar Brahimi in
his endeavours.


Political and security dialogue

27. Ministers expressed their determination to give greater substance to the political and
security dialogue despite the obstacles posed notably by the absence of progress in the
Middle East Peace Process. The noted the work programmes presented by the ad hoc
working groups and looked forward to progress being made on the areas covered by the


28. Ministers noted the upcoming EuroMeSCo/EuroMed Senior Officials seminar to be held in Dublin on 1 June. They acknowledged that EuroMeSCo continues to make an
important contribution to the promotion of ongoing dialogue in the Political and Security
chapter of the Barcelona Process which is recognised by the Euro Mediterranean
Partnership’s adoption of EuroMeSCo as an official confidence building measure.

Diplomatic Seminars

29. Ministers noted with appreciation the 16th Seminar that was recently held in Malta.
Ministers agreed that these Seminars are an important contribution to the Euro-
Mediterranean Partnership and expressed their support for this ongoing activity.

Human rights and democratisation

30. Ministers underlined the importance of taking forward the recommendations in the
Commission Communication on reinvigorating EU actions on human rights and
democratisation with Mediterranean partners. They reaffirmed that the Euro-
Mediterranean Partnership is based on respect for human rights, fundamental freedoms
and democracy and that these form an essential element both of the bilateral Association
Agreements and of the multilateral framework governing relations between the EU and
Mediterranean partners. They also acknowledged the need for further progress in the
region with regard to respect for human rights and democracy. This could focus on
extending and strengthening political pluralism, regulatory reform for the implementation
of international commitments, improving the judicial and penal systems, greater
transparency, education and awareness raising, as well as full acceptance of and
improving conditions for activity by civil society. They confirmed the need for full
adherence to international law by all parties.

31. Ministers noted that contacts have taken place with a number of partners to draw up joint action plans in line with the Commission’s Communication on the subject and an
allocation is envisaged for the countries that adopt action plans. An EU-Morocco
Association sub-committee on human rights, democratisation and good governance is
being established; other partners were encouraged to do the same to allow for structured
discussion and follow-up; the EU indicated that human rights will be an important
component of the political chapter of the European Neighbourhood Policy Action Plans,
and two regional workshops will be held this year on the rights of the child (including
matters relating to family law and parental responsibilities) and on racism and
xenophobia. Ministers noted that activity under the European Initiative for Democracy
and Human Rights has also been stepped up with a focus on strengthening civil society
and improving governance and the fight against corruption.

32. Ministers expressed the conviction that addressing these issues is essential to achieving
lasting economic, social and human development and the Euro-Mediterranean
Partnership's goal of a region of peace, stability and prosperity.

Fight against terrorism

33. Ministers deplored the recent terrorist attacks which have demonstrated that the fight
against terrorism must be a priority objective. Ministers therefore took this opportunity to
stress that progress in cooperation on the fight against terrorism should be stepped up.
The need to move to the stage of concrete operational joint activities has been heightened
by these attacks.

34. The EU, in the European Security Strategy adopted at the European Council in December 2003, identified terrorism as one of the key threats to EU interests. The European Council on 25/26 March 2004 adopted a Declaration on Combating Terrorism. The European Council urged full implementation of measures to combat terrorism as a matter of urgency and called for the development of an EU long-term strategy to address all the factors contributing to terrorism. It also agreed updated Strategic Objectives to enhance the EU Plan of Action to Combat Terrorism which was adopted in the wake of the 11 September 2001 attacks and subsequently supplemented by many important initiatives.

35. Cooperation should be intensified both at regional level and bilaterally. In the latter
context, Ministers mandated the Justice and Security sub-committees existing or
currently being established under the Association Agreements to take forward such joint
activities at expert level with the aim of improving and assisting the development of
counter-terrorism standards and capabilities. The fight against terrorism should also be
pursued in the framework of the Action Plans to be agreed under the ENP.

36. Ministers also noted that the informal Ad Hoc Senior Officials and experts’ meeting on
Terrorism on 21 April concentrated on an exchange of views on the possibility of
engaging in operational joint activities.

37. Ministers instructed Senior Officials to explore possibilities for enhancing dialogue and
cooperation on non-proliferation issues, in particular in order to promote universal
adherence and effective compliance with all relevant multilateral agreements, and the
implementation of effective export/end use control policies. The development of a
cooperative mechanism should be examined, as well as the designation of points of
contact between Euro-Mediterranean partners. On the EU side, the Personal
Representative of HR Solana could assist in this process. The final objective should
remain a mutually and effectively verifiable Middle East Zone free of weapons of mass
destruction, nuclear, chemical and biological, and their means of delivery, as set out in
the Barcelona declaration.


38. Ministers noted the report on dialogue and cooperation on ESDP between the EU and
Mediterranean partners prepared by the relevant EU body and undertook to discuss the
issue further at official level.

39. Ministers noted ongoing efforts to deepen this dialogue in the framework of the
Barcelona Process, as agreed at Valencia. These efforts should focus on means to raise
the visibility of this dialogue, establishing contact points on a voluntary basis and
exploring the possibility for cooperation with Mediterranean partners in concrete
activities on conflict prevention and crisis management. This could be done through possible cooperation in the Senior Officials’ meetings and in other appropriate formats,
including on a subregional or country basis; this would be fully coordinated with the
activities of the Euro-Mediterranean Process. These general efforts would be made with a
view to encouraging participation of Mediterranean partners, on a case by case basis, in
crisis management operations.


World Trade Organisation

40. Ministers recalled the need for all partners to work towards the successful outcome of the current round of WTO global trade negotiations, the Doha Development Agenda,
recognising the benefits which accrue from an effective rules-based multilateral trading

Trade and economic integration

41. Ministers confirmed their support for the trade and economic integration initiatives
undertaken in the Mediterranean. The conclusion in March 2004 of the Agadir
Agreement opens the way to a major step forward in South-South regional integration.
While backing the conclusion and early implementation of this agreement, Ministers
encouraged the participation of other Mediterranean partners. Ministers confirmed a
common understanding that Mediterranean partners that have concluded agreements with
the EU should become part of the Agadir Agreement, in accordance with its provisions,
or should conclude free trade agreements among themselves, as important steps towards
the realisation of the Euro-Mediterranean free trade area by the target date of 2010.
Ministers took note of the rapid implementation of the MEDA € 4 million programme to
support the Agadir Agreement and its Secretariat. Ministers welcomed the signature by
Turkey and Morocco of a free trade agreement.

42. All the necessary procedures for the incorporation into the Association Agreements of the common pan-Euro-Mediterranean origin protocol, agreed in the Trade Conference of
Palermo in July 2003, should be well advanced by the time of the forthcoming Euro-
Mediterranean Trade Ministerial Conference (to be held in July 2004). Ministers
reiterated that the objective should be that all Agreements include the common pan-Euro-
Mediterranean protocol of origin by 2005. For the Agadir Agreement countries, this
would be well before the end of the transition period of the Agreement. This would imply
the effective functioning of a substantial number of compatible and interconnected free
trade agreements on the road towards the creation of the Euro-Mediterranean Free Trade

43. Ministers welcomed the progress made in implementing the Palermo Action Plan aimed
at facilitating the free movement of industrial products. Ministers at Palermo endorsed a
list of recommendations concerning customs and trade facilitation. Several Mediterranean
partners have already identified the priority sectors for which they wish to obtain
improved access to the EU market through the implementation of EU-harmonised
legislation and the future conclusion of agreements on conformity assessment. Ministers
noted that the gap analysis between the partners’ approach to technical regulations,
standardisation and conformity assessment and EU legislation was underway. The
Working Party on regional integration will present a progress report to the next
conference of Euro-Mediterranean Trade Ministers. Ongoing activity in this area will be
reflected by the European Neighbourhood Policy, in the context of which additional
relevant measures can be incorporated within the Action Plans, and the focus and
flexibility of assistance improved.

44. Ministers recognised that free trade in services, where a great part of future economic
activity in Mediterranean partners will take place, will open the way for promising
opportunities for investors and growth for sustained job creation. An ambitious,
modulated approach to services liberalisation, accompanied by regulatory approximation,
is at the heart of the economic agenda of the Barcelona Process and the Neighbourhood
Policy Action Plans. In this respect, all partners should work towards the adoption of a
common protocol for the liberalisation of services, a major dimension of the Free Trade
Area. The protocol should be used as the common basis for the negotiation of future
bilateral agreements fully compatible with WTO-GATS obligations.

45. Ministers noted with appreciation the study prepared by the FEMISE network on further liberalisation of trade in agriculture which could be taken into account in further
discussions. Ministers invited the European Commission to start consultations with all
partners concerned on further agricultural liberalisation, within the framework of the
Association Agreements. Mutual liberalisation of agricultural trade should remain a
priority for the deepening of the Euro-Mediterranean Free Trade Area. Furthermore,
following the positive results of the first Euro-Mediterranean Conference on Agriculture
held in Venice in November 2003, Ministers acknowledged that the Euro-Mediterranean
cooperation should be extended to non-trade aspects notably in the field of sustainable
rural development, organic farming and geographical indications. Ministers expressed
their common commitment to achieving a free trade area, including trade in agriculture,
by the target date of the Barcelona Declaration of 2010. They also mandated senior
officials to develop a comprehensive approach regarding non-trade aspects, on the basis
of a roadmap building on existing arrangements to achieve an appropriately higher level
of reciprocal liberalisation of trade in agricultural products, to be submitted by the
Commission in 2004.

46. Ministers also expressed their commitment to achieving a free trade area by 2010,
including trade in processed agricultural products. Negotiations for further liberalisation
in this sector should be pursued. Preliminary discussions on improved reciprocal
concessions have already been held with Morocco. During recent meetings, Israel,
Tunisia, Lebanon and Egypt have expressed their willingness to obtain a better access to
the EU market. It is also in the interests of EU industry to improve access to the markets
of all Euro-Mediterranean partners. The roadmap referred to in the previous paragraph
should take appropriate consideration of trade in processed agricultural products.

47. Ministers welcomed the launching of the sustainability impact assessment of the Euro-
Mediterranean Free Trade Area. The study could become a reference for assessing the
overall impact of free trade and an instrument to design future trade policies to ensure
economic, social and environmental sustainability. Ministers encouraged all interested
parties to actively contribute to the study in order to take into consideration, as
comprehensively as possible, all points of view and areas of concern. The sustainability
impact assessment could become an instrument of reference for all partners to help
achieve completion of free trade in the Euro-Mediterranean region in a harmonious

48. Ministers noted that the forthcoming Euro-Mediterranean seminar on economic transition scheduled for June 2004 in Brussels will be an excellent opportunity to discuss the priorities for reform in the framework of the agreed objectives of National Action Plans
in the European Neighbourhood Policy, and in the framework of National and Regional
Indicative Programmes, as appropriate. They also welcomed the initiative by Morocco
and the UK to hold a conference in Marrakech on the social consequences of economic
reform in May 2004. In Naples, Ministers agreed to consider establishing on a long-term
basis regional economic dialogue. To that end, meetings of Economics/Finance Ministers
should be convened in principle every two years, taking account also of the FEMIP
Ministerial meetings, and prepared through high level Officials' meeting of the regional
economic dialogue.

49. Ministers welcomed the new initiatives launched following the meeting of the working
group on Euro Mediterranean industrial co-operation that took place in Rome in October
2003. The ongoing work towards the adoption of a Euro-Mediterranean Charter for
Entrepreneurship and the implementation of a programme to promote best practice in
enterprise policy (MED BEST) are two examples of the renewed co-operation with a
focus on regulatory and administrative reforms. Ministers encouraged the commitment to
concrete policy actions during the forthcoming conference of Euro-Mediterranean
Industry Ministers.

50. In line with the conclusions of the Naples Foreign Ministers’ meeting, the opening of the
European Research Area to the Mediterranean Partners is taking place through a policy
dialogue between the EU and these countries under the auspices of the Monitoring
Committee on Science and Technology. Scientific agreements have been concluded by
the EU with Tunisia, Morocco and Israel, while an agreement has been initialled with
Egypt. The Commission recalled that sub-committees on ‘Research and Innovation’ have
been set up under the Association Agreements with Morocco, Tunisia, Israel and Jordan;
and this dimension is included in the draft Neighbourhood action plans. MEDA and the
Framework Programme work in synergy: some structural activities have been recently
launched by the Commission to increase Mediterranean partners’ participation in EC
RTD activities and to improve the efficiency of national research systems.

Sub-regional co-operation

51. Ministers stressed that sub-regional cooperation should be encouraged and reinforced.
The need to establish closer cross-border relations and to create closer sub-regional links,
institutional and in infrastructure, both in the Maghreb and the Mashraq, should become
an increasingly high priority in the Euro-Mediterranean Partnership. The implementation
of this policy could begin with the three central Maghreb countries (Morocco, Algeria
and Tunisia). The latter could constitute a "pilot experiment" in that respect, aimed at
being extended to other partner countries. To this end, the Commission is ready to
provide financial support for sub-regional co-operation, and fully exploit, as has been the
case for energy cooperation, the sub-regional potential of current and future regional
programmes. New neighbourhood programmes, which have been the subject of a
Commission Communication on 1 July 2003, could be a major instrument for intra- and
inter-regional cooperation with all neighbours including, inter alia, in the field of
infrastructure and judicial co-operation.

Transport and Energy

52. Transport and energy will continue to be two sectors in which regional integration should act as a catalyst for investment projects. Cooperation in these fields could take account of the two Commission Communications adopted in 2003, on the development of energy policy for the enlarged European Union, its neighbours and partner countries, and the one on the development of a Euro-Mediterranean Transport Network. The implementation of the conclusions adopted by the two Euro-Mediterranean Energy Ministerial conferences held in 2003 should prompt concrete progress by the working groups on electricity interconnections in the Maghreb and the Mashraq, and the tri-partite Energy Working Group between Israel, the Palestinian Authority and the Commission.

53. On transport, growing support to the Galileo project in the region should provide a solid basis for future co-operation for the improvement of global navigation conditions in the Mediterranean. Participation of the Mediterranean partners in the GALILEO project
should be encouraged. Ministers welcomed the launching of two programmes in the
transport field in 2004, one on the Galileo global navigation satellite system and the other
on maritime safety and security (SAFEMED) with a total EC contribution of € 9 million.
The Commission drew attention to the proposal to open negotiations on comprehensive
aviation agreements (“Euro-Mediterranean aviation agreements”) with certain
Mediterranean Partners. The Commission indicated that both the transport and energy
sectors would be considered high priority under the New Neighbourhood Instrument to
enhance cross-border cooperation from 2007.

Sustainability and Environment

54. As regards the environment, Ministers called for the rapid ratification by the all parties
concerned of the Protocol for the Protection of the Mediterranean Sea against Pollution,
under the Barcelona Convention on the Protection of the Mediterranean, noting that the
European Community had recently completed its ratification procedures. This
ratification, along with the participation of the European Commission in the Bureau of
the Barcelona Convention, should improve the effectiveness of the Convention.
Exchange of experiences in the area of sustainable development should be sought in line
with the Plan of Implementation from the World Summit on Sustainable Development in
Johannesburg and primarily with the Baltic Sea and the Black Sea Regions as stated in
the Athens Declaration by the Euro-Mediterranean Ministers for the Environment. Also
contributing to the improvement of environmental cooperation in the region will be the
implementation in 2004 of the new MEDA Environment regional programme. In
addition, following the presentation made at the Mid-Term Euro-Mediterranean
conference held in Crete in May 2003, Ministers reiterated their support for the
Mediterranean component of the EU Water Initiative, launched at the World Summit for
Sustainable Development in Johannesburg in 2002. Ministers noted the Commission’s
report on the current status of the Short and Medium Term Priority Action Programme
for the Environment (SMAP).

Information Technologies

55. Ministers noted the importance of information and communications technologies for all
parties on both sides of the Mediterranean. They noted that a conference of officials and
experts would be held in June 2004 in Dublin which will accentuate the importance of
information and telecommunications for the competitiveness and the sustainable
development of all partners, and expressed their hope for the success of the meeting.
Ministers stressed the role of regulatory reform and the transfer of technology through
investment, in developing modern information technology sectors in Mediterranean
partners. It is proposed that, as a follow up to this conference, Ireland will host a Euro
Mediterranean ICT Ministerial meeting in 2005. Both events will provide an important
contribution of the Euro Mediterranean Partnership to the Information Technology
summit to be held in Tunis in December 2005.

Financial Co-operation

56. Ministers took note of the report on the state-of-play that was presented by the
Commission regarding the recently adopted orientations of the MEDA National and
Regional Indicative Programmes for the Mediterranean partners. Ministers noted that the
main thrust of regional cooperation in the coming two years will be the support of
regulatory reforms for the implementation of the Euro-Mediterranean free trade area and
the European Neighbourhood policy priorities. Another major priority under regional
cooperation will be an enhanced dialogue between Euro-Mediterranean peoples and
cultures with specific support for the Euro-Mediterranean Foundation for Dialogue of
Cultures, the setting up of cooperation between municipalities and local authorities and
the continuation of the Youth programme. These priorities, together with the continued
support to the networks EuroMeSCo (foreign policy institutes) and FEMISE (economic
institutes), will constitute the major areas of regional cooperation in the period 2005-
2006. In addition, New Neighbourhood programmes are foreseen for the years 2004-2006 and a New Neighbourhood Instrument is under development for the period after 2006, to promote network integration and cross border co-operation along the external borders of the enlarged EU, and this will be the subject of a Commission proposal in the coming weeks. The New Neighbourhood Programmes and Instrument will complement existing activities.

57. Ministers noted the results in the implementation of MEDA, that were confirmed by the
Commission. Particular emphasis was placed on the progress achieved in the
payments/commitments ratio which reached 90% in 2003 (already 90% in 2002, 68% in
2001); commitments in 2003 reached 100% of credits available (€777 M).

58. Ministers agreed on the strategic importance of providing appropriate financial support to the economic and social development, in particular in the framework of the future
financial perspectives of the EU.

Encouraging Private Investment

59. Ministers acknowledged the success of FEMIP activities. They noted that the EIB had
recently opened an office in Cairo and was considering the opening of additional offices
in other Mediterranean Partner countries. The importance of private investment as the
main engine of growth and job creation in the region was recognised. It is essential that
the efforts of the EIB through FEMIP, whose lending reached € 2 billion in 2003, and
those of other instruments and institutions, are accompanied by decisive regulatory
reforms to facilitate investment, including foreign investment. Private investment is
crucially dependent on the political, economic and social environment. Ministers agreed
to work to improve the climate for encouraging private investment. A consistent effort to
introduce regulatory reforms to provide a stable business-friendly environment is
fundamental to promote productive investment. FEMIP should continue to develop its
focus on private investment development including SMEs, and helping additional
employment creation. In this respect, they also welcomed the work of the ANIMA
network of investment promotion agencies which, subject to a positive evaluation, should
continue to be supported. Regulatory reforms in the field of investment should be the
subject of special attention in the Neighbourhood Action Plans and in the services
liberalisation negotiations.

Regional Cooperation

60. Ministers confirmed the particular importance of cooperation among regions of the Euro- Mediterranean Partnership as being instrumental in providing the Barcelona Process with further visibility as well as in bringing the partnership closer to the civil societies of the
region. In this context, they welcomed the various ongoing activities in the framework of
the pilot project MED'ACT and took note of the conclusions of the meeting of Euro-
Mediterranean mayors and of their representatives which was held in Brussels, on 16-17
February last, aiming at the implementation of a specific programme regarding the
cooperation of Euro-Mediterranean local authorities.


Euro-Mediterranean Foundation for the Dialogue between Cultures and Civilisations

61. Ministers agreed that the Foundation should be known as “The Anna Lindh Euro-
Mediterranean Foundation for the Dialogue of Cultures”. They accepted with gratitude
the offer of Egypt and Sweden that it should have its headquarters in Alexandria Library
in tandem with the Swedish Institute in Alexandria. Ministers noted that the Foundation
would serve as a forum for frank and open discussions, open to all parties.

62. In recognition of the offers made by Cyprus, Italy and Malta, Minister also agreed that, in its activities with the network of networks, the Foundation would be particularly attentive
to supporting events in those countries.

63. Ministers instructed the Euro-Mediterranean Committee to prepare as a matter of urgency a revised timetable for completing the work on all outstanding matters concerning the Foundation.

64. On the question of the financing, the importance of all parties contributing financially
towards the cost of its establishment was recalled as indication of their political
commitment and common ownership of the Foundation.


65. Ministers underlined that education is one of the most important pillars for intercultural
dialogue in the Euro-Mediterranean region. It is also of key importance in permitting the
partners to participate fully in the knowledge economy. In this respect, Ministers took
note of the successful implementation of the TEMPUS programme which, beyond the
initial forecasts, has already become an important instrument in most countries. This
programme, working through networks involving higher education institutions, ensures a
lasting impact on education systems of the Mediterranean partners and helps to
strengthen dialogue between cultures. In the same field, Ministers welcomed the
substantial bilateral programmes financed under MEDA devoted to education and also
agreed that this should continue to be a priority.

66. Concerning other MEDA regional actions in this area, Ministers noted the progress made: the launching of the Euromed Youth Platform for dialogue among representatives of
youth organisations and the development of subsequent sub-regional meetings, such as
the one that took place in Amman in March; the preparation of phase II of Euromed
Audio-visual and the corresponding annual conference in Marseilles in April 2004 with a
special emphasis on the legislative framework for a better circulation of audio-visual
products in the region; the successful implementation of Euromed Heritage phase III and
the organisation of a Conference to be held in June 2004 in Rome in order to cement its
positive results. Ministers recalled the achievements within these existing regional
actions and the need for the Euromed Foundation to avoid any duplication of effort with
the ongoing MEDA programmes. They agreed to facilitate the participation of the civil
societies of the region in the development of those programmes. According to the Naples
Conclusions, Ministers confirmed their willingness to create a Euro-Mediterranean area
of higher education based on the experience of the EULAC Common Space for Higher
Education and on the Tempus-MEDA programme.

Justice and Home Affairs Issues Migration

67. The Ministers reaffirmed the importance of migration and expressed the view that, if
carefully managed, migration can be a positive factor for the socio-economic growth of
the whole region.

68. Migration can have an impact on the recipient society and on migrants themselves, e.g.
the social conditions which migrants face and the attitudes of the host population.
Migration is linked to the social, cultural and political integration of migrants. Promoting
the successful integration of migrants in any country is therefore necessary but requires
time and understanding; it is an area which needs to be pursued urgently.

69. In this context, Ministers reaffirmed the importance of a comprehensive approach
towards migration and the social integration of legally residing migrants. They ensured
that the dialogue and cooperation on migration which has started with some
Mediterranean Partners would be extended to all partners. The dialogue should cover
possibilities for intensified cooperation regarding the root causes of migration and the
fight against illegal migration. Ministers confirmed an approach balancing the legitimate
concerns of all partners.

70. It remains of key importance to tackle illegal migration via the Mediterranean Sea as well as associated criminal offences, including cross-border human trafficking. Concerted
efforts by all members of the Barcelona Process should lead to a prevention of
transporting illegal immigrants by sea, which has led to tragic accidents and loss of life in
the past. Ministers agreed that the dialogue aims to ensure concrete and operational cooperation by all the relevant partners and their authorities in the region. Ministers
renewed their commitment to the conclusion of re-admission agreements.

71. Ministers took note of developments in the first year of implementation of the regional
programme covering the justice, police and migration sectors which permits experts and
trainers from Euro-Mediterranean countries to work together in judicial co-operation in
civil and penal matters, in the fight against terrorism, drugs and organised crime and in a
joint approach to migration. In these sectors Ministers encouraged and supported the
implementation of the actions identified respectively with the European Institute of
Public Administration of Maastricht, the European Police College (CEPOL) and The
European University Institute-Robert Schuman Centre of Florence. Ministers welcomed
the creation of networks through these programmes, renewed their full support for their
implementation and looked forward to the further development of this co-operation in the
second phase of the programme due to start in 2005.

Civil Society

72. Ministers welcomed the work developed by civil society organisations since the Naples
Ministerial meeting, in order to guarantee the continuity and impact of the work of the
civil forums in the partnership. The aim has been to associate in a process of continuous
co-operation the organisers of the previous civil forums, those of the upcoming ones and
a permanent structure representative of the main themes of the partnership. In this
respect, Ministers welcomed the organisation, through extensive and open national
consultations, of the General Assembly to be held in June 2004 and the official launching
of the Euromed Civil Forum Platform. The Commission indicated that the platform will
be responsible, together with the Presidency’s national representatives, and the
Commission competent services for organising future civil forums.

Information and Visibility of the Barcelona Process

73. Ministers stressed their particular regret concerning the information deficit which still
exists concerning the Barcelona Process. They gave their full support to the recently
launched regional Information and Communication programme, and agreed that they
would encourage all efforts at national and multilateral level to strengthen the visibility of
the Barcelona Process and its perception by the general public, notably by facilitating the
work of the programme with opinion leaders, with the media, official institutions, the
business community and civil society.


74. The meeting took place at a crucial time in the EU’s relations with the Mediterranean
region and beyond. It reaffirmed a strong political commitment to the Barcelona Process
and all its activities. Ministers also reaffirmed that the Euro-Mediterranean Partnership
makes a distinct contribution to encouraging a process of political and economic progress
for the benefit of the peoples of the region. Ministers took clear decisions on outstanding
matters, and agreed to speed up the process of implementation of the commitments
undertaken in the Valencia Action Plan and the conclusions of the Naples Foreign
Ministers’ meeting. Ministers approved the final decisions regarding the Euro-
Mediterranean Foundation for the Dialogue of Cultures. The meeting also provided an
opportunity for an exchange of views between the EU and the partners on the European
Neighbourhood Policy. Finally, Ministers availed themselves of the opportunity provided
by the Dublin Ministerial meeting to pursue an intensive consultation on the principles,
objectives and implementation measures of the proposed ‘EU Strategic Partnership on the
Mediterranean and the Middle East’. Ministers looked forward to considering these and
other relevant issues at the next Euro-Mediterranean mid-term ministerial meeting which
will take place during the Netherlands Presidency on 29/30 November 2004.

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